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Cervical cancer is the term health is cervical cancer (Cervical Cancer) is a cancer that occurs in the uterine cervix, an area in which the female reproductive organ is the entrance to the uterus located between the womb (uterus) with a hole intercourse (vaginal).
Cervical cancer is caused by several types of a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The virus is spread through sexual contact, HPV can attack all the time in every woman regardless of age or lifestyle. Many women with a good immune system able to fight HPV infection by itself. However, sometimes the virus leads to the occurrence of cancer.
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In Indonesia, Cervical Cancer is the No. 1 cancer killer of women in Indonesia highest current.
"Every woman in his life at risk for the virus that causes cervical cancer", particularly at high risk for those who smoke, gave birth to many children, use birth control pills for a long time, as well as those infected with HIV-Aids.
How cervical cancer occurs
Like all cancers, cervical cancer occur characterized by the growth of the cells on the cervix which is not unusual (abnormal). But before these cells become cancer cells, there are some changes experienced by these cells. Changes in these cells usually takes many years before the cells had been transformed into cancer cells. During these breaks, proper treatment will soon be able to stop the abnormal cells before they turn into cancer cells.
Detecting Cervical Cancer
The cells are abnormal presence can be detected by a test called a "Pap smear test", so the earlier the abnormal cells were detected, the lower the person's risk of cervical cancer. A Pap smear is a test that is safe and inexpensive and has been used for years to detect abnormalities that occur in the cells of the cervix.
Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
In general, signs and symptoms are vaginal bleeding after sexual activity or between menstrual periods. Meanwhile, another sign that may arise include:
Loss of appetite and weight loss
Pain pelvic bone and spine
Pain in the limbs (legs)
Swelling of the foot area
Discharge of urine through the vagina accompanying feaces
Up to the hip fracture
Examination of regular Pap smear test is necessary to determine and detect the presence of cervical cancer in a woman.
Cancer Treatment ServiksBagi you are diagnosed with abnormal cell changes early, then do a few things like;
Heating, diathermy or laser.
Cone biopsy, namely by taking a bit of cervical cells, including cells undergoing changes. This allows a more thorough examination to ensure that cells undergo changes. This examination can be done by a gynecologist.
If the course of the disease has reached the stage of pre-cancer and cervical cancer have been identified, then there are several things that can be done to cure, among others;
Operation, namely by taking the cancerous area, usually the uterus and cervix.
Radiotherapy is the use of high-powered X-rays that can be done internally or externally.
How to prevent it ..?
This is very exciting news, that cervical cancer (cervical cancer) can be prevented. That is by way of vaccinations given to teenage girls and adult women.
The vaccine was unveiled copyrighted in 2006, the developer is a world's largest drug companies in the United States (Merck & Co., Inc..). The vaccine is called "Gardasil". The vaccine, according to WHO, is also effective in preventing infection with HPV types 6 and 11 that cause nearly 90% of all cervical cancers.
The introduction of the vaccine and cervical cancer prevention efforts for closer access to vaccines for people in all parts of Indonesia is expected to reduce the prevalence of cervical cancer and minimize fatalities in the attack cancer.